A recording technique that has long been used for interesting and amusing effect is to change the speed of the playback. Faster would raise the pitch, slower would lower it. In some cases, artists slowed the tape speed down during tracking to make instrument parts easier to play or to hit higher notes, and then sped up for the final mix. Other times they would adjust the tape speed during mastering to get a sound they liked more. The timbre of the notes changes. Guitars played back at even slightly faster speeds sound chimier. Vocals at slightly slower speeds have a deeper resonance.
One of my favorite Beatle songs, which coincidentally used this technique, is Rain, where the master was slowed down. The guitars sound sublime, especially that little guitar break at 2:33.
In thinking about the Beatles use of the varispeed technique, it occurred to me that the backing vocals on Magical Mystery Tour sounded like they were pitched upwards. And indeed they are. Here are some parts with the final version followed by the slower playback which would have been used during tracking:
On a tape machine, this was easy to do, as you just needed to flip a switch for preset speeds (typically 30ips, 15ips, 7.5ips and 3.75ips), or change the voltage to the capstan motor (varispeed) for continuous increments. In the digital world, this is, surprisingly, not straight forward. Pitch tuning (Autotune, Melodyne, …) allows you exceptional ability to change notes. But this does not sound the same to me, and more extreme changes result in artifacts that sound bad. Changing the playback speed for recording or mastering takes a couple of extra steps.
… the opening chord of A Hard Days Night has been successfully dissected.
In this radio interview with Randy Bachman on CBC’s Guitarology program, RB talks about meeting Giles Martin, son of George Martin, at GM’s private studio at Abbey Road. In the studio, GM has access to digitized copies of all the Beatle’s multitrack source tapes.
After pondering what he would like to hear, RB is provided with solo’d track by track playback of “the chord”. When it is all put together, HE NAILS IT! Give it a listen …
Here is the breakdown he describes:
Track 1: George on Rickenbacker 12-string GCFACG
Track 2: Paul on Bass playing D
Track 3: John on 6-string xxDADG
The notes being picked up are: A-C-D-F-G
From a G perspective: 1-2-4-5-b7
From an F perspective: 1-2-3-5-6
From a D perspective: 1-b3-4-5-b7
From a C perspective: 1-2-4-5-6
From an A perspective: 1-b3-4-b6-b7
Closest thing to call it would be a Dm11 or an F6add9. Whatever you call it, you can’t make the chord sound properly with only one hand (chording) and one guitar.
One of my favorite sites is gearslutz.com, where people, mostly sound engineer types, talk about … gear. Most of the time, the conversations are about experiences with specific pieces of recording equipment or techniques. Some can be offbeat and really amusing, like this one — He Is…the Most Interesting Gear Slut!
Basically, assembling all the collected wisdom, knowledge and opinion about gear, talent and luck, and packaging it as hyperbole. Here are some samples:
He mixed the entire Hotel California record in one day on headphones in a room AT Hotel California and then left without checking out
Word clocks sync to him
He records a whole band perfectly with one mic, in one take, on one track, on tape — and mixes it to surround sound … telepathically
He pronounces Moog correctly
He’s so forward thinking that the last time he played guitar was tomorrow
He can tune a piano and tuna fish
He’s won Grammy’s for songs he almost worked on
He once wrote a concerto for dog whistle
He thought he’d made a mistake once, but he was mistaken
He can hear, pan, eq and add effects to the sound of one hand clapping
At a lecture, he once uttered, “just do it” and walked off the stage. Nike tried to sue him for using the catch phrase, but ended up being sued themselves by him as he had already developed that exact shoe style for a song intro that required someone running into a house. The album was “Nike Runner” and the title song was “Just Do It”. He did however let Nike keep making the shoe pump that he had invented for the compression effect on that intro. It eliminated sock issues by compressing foot sweat.
How does one rise above an ocean of talent? Well, sex sells, we all know that. On the international stage, gender exhibitionism and gender confusion clearly help bring attention to yourself. Of course, gender bending is not new among entertainers — Bowie, Marilyn Manson, Boy George, Madonna, Lady Gaga, Annie Lennox, are all or have been gender opportunists, that exploit gender and gender ambiguity as suits them at the time, invariably to shock.
All that to say, the latest in the parade of gender opportunists is the 2014 winner of the Eurovision music content, Conchita Wurst, an intriguing transgender entertainer from Austria. Here is his/her performance of Rise Like a Phoenix:
The video is well conceived, and the song is an exceptional platform for Conchita. It could easily be the theme song for a James Bond film.
Conchita’s real name is Tom Neuwirth. I have to say, for me the beard is disconcerting in this context. As it is meant to be, no doubt. However, that is a minor distraction, as the performance, the presentation and the song are exceptional.
Here is a photo of ungendrified Tom:
Along the same gender ambiguity meme, here is a great video by French artist Stromae, and his/her performance of Tous Les Mêmes (All The Same):
Ahh, time marches on. Here is a fun website that has pictures of 80’s pop stars today. Some do better than others. Some look scary. Some look cool, regardless of age. Some still wear funny hats (“we are … da da da … Devo”). Whatever.
With more than 54 million views, this video has probably been seen by just about everybody but me. In a nutshell, it starts with a lone street performer in Santa Monica, CA and travels around the world adding voices and texture. Great idea. Great song. Great performances.
I grew up on the Monkees. Sad to see Davy go, but his memory will live on in the great music they did. Here is one of my favorite Monkees’ tunes, the somewhat obscure 1967 “Daily Nightly”. Wonderfully psychedelic, it is an early example of the use of synth on a pop recording. And it uses the word “phantasmagoric”. Gotta love it.
Darkened rolling figures move through prisms of no color
Hand in hand, they walk the night, but never know each other
Passion cast in neon lights light up the jeweled trav’ler
Who, lost in scenes of smoke-filled dreams
Find questions, but no answers
Startled eyes that sometimes see phantasmagoric splendor
Pirouette down palsied paths with pennies for the vendor
Salvation’s yours for just the time it takes to pay the dancer
Once again, such anxious men find questions but no answers
The night has gone and taken its infraction
While reddened eyes hope there will be a next one
Terror signs look down upon a world that glitters glibly
And mountainsides put arms around the unsuspecting city
Second hands that minds have slowed are moving even faster
Toward bring down someone who’s found
The questions, but no answers
… to see what condition my condition was in. When Kenny Rogers was cool. I had a flash-back when I was working through lyrics for a new song. This song popped into my head. I looked it up on YouTube and — Poof!! — there it was.
What a song. According to Wikipedia, it was first recorded by Jerry Lee Lewis in 1967, who rejected it. It was a hit for Kenny Rogers and the First Edition in 1968, at the apex of psychedelia in pop culture. Some of the lyrics are worth repeating here:
I woke up this mornin’ with the sundown shinin’ in
I found my mind in a brown paper bag, but then…
I tripped on a cloud and fell eight miles high
I tore my mind on a jagged sky
I just dropped in to see what condition my condition was in
I pushed my soul in a deep dark hole and then I followed it in
I watched myself crawlin’ out as I was a-crawlin’ in
I got up so tight I couldn’t unwind
I saw so much I broke my mind
I just dropped in to see what condition my condition was in
The video is simple but clever. Check it out.
[youtube K-GbcVW8DFY 640 390]
The video is on YouTube Channel WABCRADIO77, whose mission is to present classic “oldies” music the way it was meant to be – in it’s original form exactly as it sounded when the song was a hit on the radio. All the songs are played from original vinyl 45 RPM records. Very cool.